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Orthodontics involves straightening and realigning the teeth and jaw, to improve someone’s smile and dental wellbeing. Treatments can be used to straighten teeth, correct an irregular bite and close gaps between the teeth. This process is done by using braces, which are fixed within the mouth for a set period and are followed by wearing retainers.

What are the different types of orthodontic treatment?

Orthodontics involves straightening and realigning the teeth and jaw, to improve someone’s smile and dental wellbeing.Treatments can be used to straighten teeth, correct an irregular bite and close gaps between the teeth. This process is done by using braces, which are fixed within the mouth for a set period and are followed by wearing retainers.

Orthodontic treatments are often undertaken for cosmetic reasons but can also improve long-term dental health. Misaligned teeth which do not fit together are much harder to keep clean and are therefore more susceptible to tooth decay or gum disease, so it’s important to get them fixed. Braces come in lots of different forms, from fixed-metal braces to removable clear aligners.

Here’s an overview of the different types of orthodontic treatment available:

 

Invisible braces

Thanks to advances in technology, there are now braces which are virtually invisible, enabling people to have their teeth straightened more discreetly.

These near-invisible braces come in different forms:

Invisalign

This uses a series of virtually-invisible removable custom-made aligners to gradually straighten your teeth. Each aligner is worn for about two weeks for 20 to 22 hours a day before the next is fitted.

There are several different versions including special designs for teenagers, which have ‘wear indicators’ that fade from blue to clear to ensure you are wearing the brace regularly. Invisalign i7 uses a series of clear, removable aligners to straighten teeth in just three months and is often used to treat minor crowding.

Ceramic braces

Also known as ceramic braces, these use transparent or tooth-coloured brackets to create a subtler appearance than traditional metal braces. Like traditional orthodontic treatment, clear braces take around 18-24 months to straighten the teeth.

Cosmetic straightening

Unlike braces, this focuses on straightening just the front six to eight most visible teeth. Due to its more targeted approach, cosmetic straightening can achieve results in as little as six months using techniques far more discreet than metal braces. In fact, many of the options are virtually invisible.

Traditional Fixed Braces

Fixed metal braces remain a popular option for straightening teeth, particularly among teenagers, as they produce effective and reliable results. However, lots of adults also have fixed braces too. The braces’ brackets are bonded onto teeth with a wire connecting them which slowly pulls the teeth into alignment.

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